The byline on a title page may include either the name or a description for the document's author. Where the name is included, it may optionally be tagged using the docAuthor element. It is recommended that changes be recorded with the most recent first. The status attribute may be used to indicate the status of a document following the change documented. An American encoding of Gulliver's Travels which retains the British spelling but also provides a version regularized to American spelling might be encoded as follows.
Because the children of a choice element all represent alternative ways of encoding the same sequence, it is natural to think of them as mutually exclusive.
However, there may be cases where a full representation of a text requires the alternative encodings to be considered as parallel. If all that is desired is to call attention to the fact that the copy text has been corrected, corr may be used alone:. It is also possible, using the choice and sic elements, to provide an uncorrected reading:. The creation element may be used to record details of a text's creation, e. It should not be confused with the publicationStmt element, which records date and place of publication.
This element should be used for deletion of shorter sequences of text, typically single words or phrases.
Illegible or lost text within a deletion may be marked using the gap tag to signal that text is present but has not been transcribed, or is no longer visible. Attributes on the gap element may be used to indicate how much text is omitted, the reason for omitting it, etc. If text is not fully legible, the unclear element available when using the additional tagset for transcription of primary sources should be used to signal the areas of text which cannot be read with confidence in a similar way.
There is a clear distinction in the TEI between del , which is a statement of the the or a later scribe's intent to cancel or remove text, and elements such as gap or unclear which signal the editor's decision to omit or inability to read the text remaining. See further sections The del tag should not be used for deletions made by editors or encoders. TEI convention requires that this be expressed as a finite clause, begining with an active verb. Valid values are application-dependent; those shown are of obvious utility in document production, but are by no means exhaustive.
One use for this element is to allow document preparation software to generate an index and insert it in the appropriate place in the output. Another use for divGen is to specify the location of an automatically produced table of contents:. This element is intended primarily for use in document production or manipulation, rather than in the transcription of pre-existing materials; it makes it easier to specify the location of indices, tables of contents, etc. The document author's name often occurs within a byline, but the docAuthor element may be used whether the byline element is used or not.
This specialized element is provided for convenience in marking and processing the date of the documents, since it is likely to require specialized handling for many applications. As usual, the shorter name has been given to the more frequent element. As with title, author, and editions, the shorter name is reserved for the element likely to be used more often.
Particularly where cataloguing is likely to be based on the content of the header, it is advisable to use generally recognized authority lists for the exact form of personal names. If the example contains material in XML markup, either it must be enclosed within a CDATA marked section, or character entity references must be used to represent the markup delimiters. The content of this element should usually be a complete word or phrase. This element is intended for use as an alternative to the content of its parent figure element ; for example, to display when the image is required but the equipment in use cannot display graphic images.
It may also be used for indexing or documentary purposes. The major source of information for those seeking to create a catalogue entry or bibliographic citation for an electronic file. As such, it provides a title and statements of responsibility together with details of the publication or distribution of the file, of any series to which it belongs, and detailed bibliographic notes for matters not addressed elsewhere in the header. It also contains a full bibliographic description for the source or sources from which the electronic text was derived.
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The global xml:lang attribute should be supplied for this element to identify the language of the word or phrase marked. As elsewhere, its value should be a language tag as defined in 6. This element is intended for use only where no other element is available to mark the phrase or words concerned. The global xml:lang attribute should be used in preference to this element where it is intended to mark the language of the whole of some text element. Funders provide financial support for a project; they are distinct from sponsors , who provide intellectual support and authority.
See section The gap tag simply signals the editors decision to omit or inability to transcribe a span of text. Other information, such as the interpretation that text was deliberately erased or covered, should be indicated using the relevant tags, such as del in the case of deliberate deletion. This example shows the use of both a namespace prefix and the schema attribute as alternative ways of indicating that the gi in question is not a TEI element name: in practice only one method should be adopted.
The target and cRef attributes are mutually exclusive.
- Mocksville (Images of America);
- Schema tei_lite: Elements;
- Dalida - Wikiwand;
- Wer reden kann, macht Eindruck - wer schreiben kann, macht Karriere: Das Schreibfitnessprogramm für mehr Erfolg im Job (German Edition).
- Armes de destruction magique: La Revanche des orcs, T1 (Fantasy) (French Edition).
The mimeType attribute should be used to supply the MIME media type of the image specified by the url attribute. The most common use for the head element is to mark the headings of sections. In older writings, the headings or incipits may be rather longer than usual in modern works. If a section has an explicit ending as well as a heading, it should be marked as a trailer , as in this example:.
The head element is also used to mark headings of other units, such as lists:. The head element is used for headings at all levels; software which treats e. In running prose, this element may be used for any kind of identifier in any formal language. It should not be used for element and attribute names in XML, for which the special elements gi and att are provided.
Generally, each interp element carries an xml:id attribute. This permits the encoder to explicitly associate the interpretation represented by the content of an interp with any textual element through its ana attribute. Alternatively or, in addition an interp may carry an inst attribute which points to one or more textual elements to which the analysis represented by the content of the interp applies.maisonducalvet.com/ceclavn-dating-site.php
Marc Chagall, Signed
Whatever string of characters is used to label a list item in the copy text may be used as the value of the global n attribute, but it is not required that numbering be recorded explicitly. In ordered lists, the n attribute on the item element is by definition synonymous with the use of the label element to record the enumerator of the list item.
In glossary lists, however, the term being defined should be given with the label element, not n. Each individual keyword including compound subject headings should be supplied as a term element directly within the keywords element. Only the West witnessed the development of such a conception of science based both on rationality especially mathematics and systematic observation especially controlled experiments.
It has been pointed out that this anti-magical attitude is endogenous to the Judea-Christian belief systems and that these systems did not, in contradistinction to most other belief systems, impose inhibitions on the control of nature by man. Van der Pot concludes, after a systematic analysis of many theological, historical and sociological sources, that Christianity had an important impact on the origin of the modern dynamic push towards technological change, by the submission of nature, by contributing to a hopeful attitude towards the future and by giving a positive judgement about work that is directed at practical utility.
As Herrera put it succinctly: "For Enlightenment, all things in nature are disposed in harmonious order, regulated by a few simple laws, in such a way that everything contributes to the equilibrium of the Universe. The same rational order is the basis of the human world and manifests itself through the instincts and tendencies of men.
The main obstacle to this linear unending progress is, for the Enlightenment, ignorance and the education of all strata of society in the light of reason and science will finally lead to a perfect and happy society". Moreover, in connection with these ideas of the Enlightenment, a new type of society evolved and conscious attempts were made to change political and social orders into the direction of a "rational society".
This process toward a new, open society was accelerated with the advent of the industrial society in which a close connection was established between science, technology and the production of commodities for large-scale markets. Two main forces were - and still are - considered to determine the development of modern society:. Well, we need some more steps to explain this specific relationship. As follows from what we have said about the modern model of science, the origin of scientific discoveries and of technological innovations does not need to be explained by other factors than the inquisitive mind, following the rules of positivist science.
- Read PDF Sur l’autre rive… en 1962 (DOCUMENTS ET TE) (French Edition).
- Content Metrics.
- Research Methods in Education.
- Past Winners and Finalists | GGBooks.
- Boarg of The Lake (An Unreliable Account of a Druid and a Witch in Ancient Ireland).
- Oh no, there's been an error;
Society has just to wait and see what comes out of these processes of discovery and to adapt to their results. There are no other possibilities to control this "march of rationality" than the control by the scientists themselves, who do not control the direction of scientific development - the discovery of the laws of nature and social life - but who have to see to it that their fellow-scientists abide to the tenets of logico-empirical science.
In fact, the logic of this scientific model and of the model of societal development that is connected with it, implies that societal development is a process of reduction of human subjectivity by rational calculation. Control over men and things is secured by substituting technological rationality for human interpretation when organising activities. In this perspective sociology was interested, in the first place, in the discovery of "causal laws" which govern social life, in problems of order and predictability.
The emphasis was laid on the development of a universalistic and rationalistic body of knowledge in which the individuals as such were considered as "trivial actors"; being determined by forces the effects of which they may control by clinging to the tenets of positivist social science.